ammonium perchlorate large

  • ATSDR - Toxic Substances - Perchlorates

     · Perchlorates are colorless salts that have no odor. There are five perchlorate salts that are manufactured in large amounts: magnesium perchlorate, potassium perchlorate, ammonium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate, and lithium perchlorate. Perchlorate salts are solids that dissolve easily in water. The health effects of perchlorate salts are due to the perchlorate itself and not to the …

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  • big Ammonium perchlorate fire - YouTube

     · Huge Ammonium Perchlorate factory fire. Large explosions. Amazing.

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  • AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE AMP - CAMEO Chemicals

    AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE AMP CAUTIONARY RESPONSE INFORMATION Common Synonyms Solid crystals White Odorless Sinks and mixes with water. Wear goggles and self-contained breathing apparatus. Keep people away. Isolate and remove discharged material. Notify local health and pollution control agencies. Protect water intakes.

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  • CLU-IN | Contaminants > Perchlorate > Overview

    The most common use for ammonium perchlorate is in explosives and rocket propellant. Because it has a limited shelf life, the ammonium perchlorate used in the nation's rocket and missile supply must occasionally be replaced. As a result, large amounts of the compound are periodically disposed of .

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  • Pepcon Explosion - Clark County, Nevada

    Company officials estimated about 4,500 tons of ammonium perchlorate were present at the plant at the time of the explosions. Nearly all of it was destroyed by the explosions and fires. A nearby natural gas pipeline was ruptured by the detonations resulting in large flames that were visible miles away.

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  • Material Safety Data Sheet - Calstar

    p. 1 1 2 4 He a lt h Fire Re a ct ivit y Pe rs o n a l Pro t e ct io n 2 1 4 E Material Safety Data Sheet Ammonium perchlorate MSDS Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification

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  • AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE HAZARD SUMMARY …

    * Ammonium Perchlorate may affect the kidneys. * Ammonium Perchlorate is a HIGHLY REACTIVE CHEMICAL and a DANGEROUS EXPLOSION HAZARD. IDENTIFICATION Ammonium Perchlorate is an odorless, white, sand-like powder. It is used in analytical chemistry and as an etching and engraving agent. It is also used as an animal fattening agent and in explosives.

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  • Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant - Wikipedia

    Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant (APCP) is a modern solid-propellant rocket used in rocket vehicles. It differs from many traditional solid rocket propellants such as black powder or zinc-sulfur, not only in chemical composition and overall performance, but also by the nature of how it is processed.

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  • Perchlorate - The Institute of Makers of Explosives

     · The most common use for ammonium perchlorate is in explosives and rocket propellant. Because it has a limited shelf life, the ammonium perchlorate used in the nation's rocket and missile supply must occasionally be replaced. As a result, large amounts of the compound are periodically disposed of. Perchlorate is of concern for the following reasons:

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  • The PEPCON Disaster • Damn Interesting

    Could I put large quantities of ammonium perchlorate in, say a wooden house and cause a serious explosion?” Short answer: Large quantities of ammonium perchlorate anywhere can cause a serious explosion. Long answer: Fire safety folks like to talk about the fire triangle: you need a fuel, an oxidizer and an ignition source to cause a fire.

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  • Biological treatment of ammonium perchlorate-contaminated ...

    It has been used by the US DoD as an oxidizer in munitions and missiles since the 1940s. Ammonium perchlorate has a limited shelf life, so inventories must be periodically replaced with a fresh supply, creating large quantities of ammonium perchlorate waste that need to be disposed of.

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  • The Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate …

    Ammonium perchlorate (AP) is the most widely used oxidizer in solid compo-site propellants mainly because of the high oxygen content, large specific volume of product gases and extensive handling and storage experience [11]. The cor-responding DTA thermograms …

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  • Perchlorate Removal | WQP

    The dissolution of ammonium, magnesium, potassium, or sodium salts into the groundwater pose a threat to drinking water supplies.Ammonium perchlorate is used in the manufacture of rocket and missile propellant, road flares and fireworks. It serves as a source of oxygen for solid rocket propellant. Perchlorate salts are

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  • Ammonium Perchlorate 90 Micron | Fireworks Cookbook

    Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidizer used in a large number of compositions. Very impressive color compositions can be made with it, but their burn rate is often too low for use in star compositions. For lance work and torches, slow-burning is an advantage and it is therefore commonly used in these items. Ammonium perchlorate is also used in composite rocket propellants, including the ...

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  • Endeavour LLC | NDEP | NDEP

    In 1982, PEPCON was acquired by American Pacific Corporation (AMPAC), and on , PEPCON was destroyed by a large fire and several subsequent explosions that involved on-site storage containers filled with ammonium perchlorate, among other factors .

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  • Surge in Imports Endangers U.S. Ability to Produce Vital ...

     · Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems has imported large quantities of sodium perchlorate this year, according to shipping documents reviewed by Breitbart News. Sodium perchlorate is used to manufacture ammonium perchlorate, a propellant used to control how quickly and powerfully solid rocket fuel burns.

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  • Ammonium perchlorate | PyroData

    Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidiser used in a large number of compositions. Very impressive colour compositions can be made with it, but their burn rate is often too low for use in star compositions.

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  • Catalytic decomposition of ammonium perchlorate on hollow ...

    CuO-HM prepared by hard-template was applied in catalyzing ammonium perchlorate decomposition. • Large surface area and porous structure contributes to an improved catalytic activity. • CuO-HM accelerates the thermal decomposition of AP by oxidating N 2 O to NO species increasingly.

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  • ATSDR - Public Health Statement: Perchlorates

     · One of the perchlorate salts, ammonium perchlorate, is produced in large amounts because it is used in rocket fuels. The solid booster rocket on the space shuttle is almost 70% ammonium perchlorate. Perchlorates are also used in explosives. Because perchlorates are used for some military applications, many countries consider the amounts that ...

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  • US Examines Perchlorate Safety - Space Safety Magazine

     · Ammonium perchlorate is used in Europe’s Ariane 5 boosters and Vega stages. Russian rockets are mainly based on liquid propulsion. In large concentrations, perchlorate can have more severe impacts. In 1988 ammonium perchlorate manufacturer PEPCON was levelled following an explosive fire accelerated by accumulated ammonium perchlorate.

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  • SAFETY DATA SHEET - GFS Chemicals

    SAFETY DATA SHEET 1. Identification Product identifier AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE, REAGENT Other means of identification Product code 3 Recommended use professional, ... possibility that large or frequent spills can have a harmful or damaging effect on the environment.

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  • 9 - Ammonium perchlorate, Reagent Grade - 11658 ...

    11658 Ammonium perchlorate, Reagent Grade . CAS Number. 9. ... or foam In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. Explosion risk in case of fire. DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant ...

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  • Pepcon Explosion - Clark County, Nevada

    Company officials estimated about 4,500 tons of ammonium perchlorate were present at the plant at the time of the explosions. Nearly all of it was destroyed by the explosions and fires. A nearby natural gas pipeline was ruptured by the detonations resulting in large flames that were visible miles away.

    [24/7 online ]
  • Endeavour LLC | NDEP | NDEP

    In 1982, PEPCON was acquired by American Pacific Corporation (AMPAC), and on , PEPCON was destroyed by a large fire and several subsequent explosions that involved on-site storage containers filled with ammonium perchlorate, among other factors .

    [24/7 online ]
  • Solid-propellant rocket - Wikipedia

    A solid-propellant rocket or solid rocket is a rocket with a rocket engine that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer). The earliest rockets were solid-fuel rockets powered by gunpowder; they were used in warfare by the Chinese, Indians, Mongols and Persians, as early as the 13th century.

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  • Pyrotechnic Formulas: Flash, Burst Charges, Black Powder ...

    Comments: This energetic burst charge is used for small diameter shells (2...3 inch), since it makes a large and symmetrical burst possible. Besides the composition below, a ratio of chlorate to hemp coal of 10:3 is also popular.

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  • SAFETY DATA SHEET (DRAFT) - AMPAC

    Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidizing agent and may cause rapid combustion or explosions if mixed with fuels. 2) Burning ammonium perchlorate may produce chlorine, chlorine dioxide, hydrogen chloride, and oxides of

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  • Ammonium perchlorate | PyroData

    Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidiser used in a large number of compositions. Very impressive colour compositions can be made with it, but their burn rate is often too low for use in star compositions.

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  • The Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate …

    Ammonium perchlorate (AP) is the most widely used oxidizer in solid compo-site propellants mainly because of the high oxygen content, large specific volume of product gases and extensive handling and storage experience [11]. The cor-responding DTA thermograms …

    [24/7 online ]
  • Full text of "The Complete Book of Flash Powder"

    it is said that pure ammonium perchlorate sublimes without melting when it is slowly heated in the air, but when we heat the normal commercial material in a porcelain crucible with an electric heater, it decomposes violently at 360 degrees c. ammonium perchlorate dissolves in water in large amounts even at room temperature.

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  • Perchlorate Toxicity and Risk Assessment - Lincoln

    Perchlorate Toxicity and Risk Assessment David R. att tie,' Joan ~trawson,~ and Jay zhao2 I Air Force Research Laboratoty, WPAFB, OH 5707 2~oxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment, Cincinnati, OH 4521 1 PERCHLORATE OCCURRENCE AND EXPOSURE Sources of Perchlorate Ammonium perchlorate is the oxidizer ingredient in solid propellant mixtures

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  • AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE | CAMEO Chemicals | NOAA

    AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE is a strong oxidizing agent. Decomposes at 130°C and explodes at 380°C [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:608 1956]. Explosions have occurred in propellant formulations containing ammonium perchlorate to which ferrocene has been added as a burning rate catalyst.

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